Cambodia is a sovereign state located in southern Asia. It occupies a territory of 181,035 kilometres and has an estimated population of 15 million. The country gained independence from France in 1953 and it is known by its official name the Kingdom of Cambodia. Buddhism is the official state religion and it is practised by around 97% of the population.
The Kingdom of Cambodia is an elective constitutional monarchy, which is chosen by the Royal Council of the Throne. Speaking of its territory, Cambodia borders Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. Its minority groups include Vietnamese, Chinese, Chams, and around 30 hill tribes.
Despite being a relatively poor country with a per capita that is lower than the neighbouring countries, Cambodia has one of the fastest-growing economies in Asia. Its growth averaged 7.6% in the last decade. Agriculture is the most developed industry in the country, followed by textiles, construction, tourism, and garments. Yet, Cambodia still has big problems with poverty, corruption, lack of political freedom, and a high rate of hunger, which is why it ranks extremely low in the Human Development Index.