Cyprus is an island country located in the Mediterranean Sea. It is the third-largest and third most populous island in this area with an estimated population of around 1.2 million. There are two official languages on the island – Greek and Turkish. The Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the entire island and the territorial waters.
When it comes to its borders, since Cyprus is an island, it is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. It is located south of Turkey, west of Sudan, north of Egypt, northwest of Lebanon, Israel, and Palestine, and southeast of Greece. The capital of Cyprus is Nicosia. Even though Cyprus is sovereign, it is de facto partitioned into two parts – the north area of the island is under the self-declared Turkish Republic of Cyprus, and the south and west area is controlled by the Republic.
This is a well-developed country that is part of the Eurozone and it has been part of the Commonwealth since 1961. Cyprus is the most popular tourist destination in the Mediterranean Sea. It has a high-income economy and ranks high on the Human Development Index. To add to that, Cyprus has been a part of the European Union ever since May 1, 2004.