As a stand-alone country, Montenegro does not have a long history of gambling since it only dates back to 2006. However, it has always been part of the dynamic of other countries it was part of. When it was part of Yugoslavia, gambling was still allowed. However, the practice was highly controlled by the government, which used it to raise money.
During its union with Serbia, the gambling element was less clear. While the practice was still legal, there was no clear framework set to regulate it. There were also divided opinions on the legalization of gambling in the early 2000s. This culminated in the adoption of the 'Laws on Games of Chance' by Montenegro's parliament on July 28, 2004. This legislation has formed the basis of other gaming laws in the country.
When the country gained independence in 2006, it was not a question of if gambling should be allowed. Gambling was already accepted. The question was how to regulate it. At the same period, the popularity of online gaming was climbing. This gave the government a chance to regulate both land-based and online gaming with ease.